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Pope Pius IX

Pope Pius IX  255th Roman Pontiff from 1846 to 1878

255th Pontiff (1846-1878)

Born Mastai Ferretti in Senigallia of Italian nobility on May 13, 1792, Pope Pius IX was epileptic until age 30. 

Ordained a priest in 1819, he managed an orphanage, was a judge with the papal legate in Chile, and managed a hospice in Rome.  Pope Pius IX was Archbishop of Spoleto and Imola becoming a cardinal in 1840 and pope on July 21, 1846.

Pope Pius IX was intensely pius and profoundly religious.  He proclaimed the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception on December 8, 1854, that the Blessed Mother was conceived without Original Sin.

During the papacy of Pope Pius IX, on December 8, 1869, Vatican I Council reaffirmed the doctrine of the primacy and infallibility of the pope.

Although Pope Pius IX was apolitical, he denounced pantheism, naturalism, rationalism, socialism, communism, and liberalism. There was much political upheaval in Italy during Pope Pius IX's papacy including the end of Papal Rome.

Pope Pius IX died February 7, 1878.

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