In 1685, King Louis XIV revoked The Edict of
Nantes, which guaranteed freedom of religion, and sanctioned
persecution of French Protestants.
In his May 7, 1685 decree, Pope Innocent XI,
irritated by King Louis XIV's extreme measures, abolished the much
abused right of asylum whereby ambassadors to Rome could harbor criminal
suspects wanted by the papal judiciary.
King James II, the Catholic King of England, was a
staunch supporter of France's King Louis XIV in matters hostile to the
Church. When King James II sought Pope Innocent XI’s support for
his plan to restore Catholicism to England, Pope Innocent XI
evaluated King James II’s efforts as irresponsible.
Pope Innocent XI's diplomatic skill was rewarded with
a decisive victory.
King John III (Sobieski) of Poland, and Charles V, Duke of Lorraine,
fighting under command of the Holy Roman Empire, shattered the Turks as
they attempted to break through Vienna’s walls. Turkey was forced to
adopt a defensive posture after 1683.
As a fiscal conservative, and financial administrator, in addition
to lowering taxes, Pope Innocent XI produced a surplus in the
papal budget. And because of his strictly observed moral principles, Pope
Innocent XI repudiated nepotism.
Pope Innocent XI died on August 12, 1689, and was buried under
the altar of San Sebastiano in Saint Peter’s Basilica.
Pope Pius XII beatified Pope Innocent XI on October 7, 1956.
Pontiffs Main Page